On 15 January 2019, the House of Commons voted with 230 votes against the Brexit withdrawal agreement the largest vote against the British government in history.  The government may survived a vote of confidence the next day.  On March 12, 2019, the House of Commons voted 149 votes against the agreement, the fourth-biggest defeat of the government in the history of the House of Commons.  A third vote on the Brexit withdrawal agreement, widely expected on 19 March 2019, was rejected by the House of Commons spokesman on 18 March 2019, on the basis of a parliamentary convention of 2 April 1604, which prevented British governments from forcing the House of Commons to vote several times on a subject already voted on by the House of Commons.    An abbreviated version of the withdrawal agreement, in which the annex political statement had been withdrawn, consisted of the test of ”substantial amendments,” so that a third vote was held on 29 March 2019, but was rejected by 58 votes.  The first paragraph does not apply where protection in the EU is derived from international agreements to which the Union is a party. 1. Without prejudice to Article 127, paragraph 2, the United Kingdom is bound by obligations during the transitional period: under the international conventions concluded by the Union, Member States acting on its behalf or the Union and its Member States acting jointly, in accordance with Article 2, point a) iv) (-1), this protocol does not prevent the United Kingdom from entering into agreements with a third country that have granted goods manufactured in Northern Ireland preferential access to that country`s market on the same terms as those produced in other parts of the United Kingdom. This triggered Article 50 of the Treaty on the European Union, which defines the procedure for the withdrawal of an EU member state, thus opening a two-year countdown to withdrawal. On 13 November 2018, the EU decided that ”decisive progress” had been made in the Brexit negotiations, and on 14 November the European Commission and the UK Government published a draft withdrawal agreement as well as three protocols (on the border between Ireland and Northern Ireland, the SOVEREIGN territories of the United Kingdom in Cyprus and Gibraltar) and nine annexes. The text of the negotiated withdrawal agreement and the political declaration on the framework for future EU-UK relations were approved by EU heads of state and government at a specially convened European Council on 25 November 2018. European Parliament and Council Regulation 2016/1076 on 8 June 2016 on the application of the regime for products originating in certain Member States in the Group of African States, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP), agreements that are included in agreements or which lead to the creation of an Economic Partnership Agreement (36) on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community, Since the UK`s withdrawal from the EU cannot infringe the rights and obligations of the Republic of Cyprus under EU law or the rights and obligations of the contracting parties to the Treaty, the British Parliament must proceed with two approval procedures before the UK can ratify the withdrawal agreement.