Tajikistan Peace Agreement 1997

The President of Tajikistan and the Leader of the Tajik Unified Opposition sincerely thank the United Nations, under the auspices and mediation, under which the negotiation process has progressed over the past three years. They express their belief that the United Nations will help Tajikistan implement the agreements reached and will cooperate. The peace treaty was signed in Moscow on 27 June 1997 between Rahmon and Said Abdullo Nuri, leader of the Tajik United Opposition (UTO), following a series of UN-brokered peace talks. The main conflict zone was in the south of the country, although there were riots throughout the country. [10] [11] The civil war reached its peak in its first year and lasted five years and devastated the country. [10] [12] In June 1997, an estimated 20,000 to 100,000 people[14] and about 10 to 20 per cent of the population were internally displaced. [9] On 27 June 1997, Tajik President Emomali Rahmon, the leader of the Unified Opposition of Tajikistan (UTO), Sayid Abdulloh Nouri, and the UN Secretary-General`s Special Representative, Gerd Merrem, signed the ”General Agreement on the Establishment of Peace and National Agreement in Tajikistan” and the ”Moscow Protocol” in Moscow, which ends the war. [16] Reciprocal Memorandum of Understanding between the President of Tajikistan, E. S. Rakhmonov, and the leader of the Tajik United Opposition, S.

A. Nouri, signed on 27 June 1997 in Moscow – the protocol on political issues of 18 1997 (Annex II) 2 and the related agreement between the President of tajik society, EmomaliSharipovichRakhmonov, and the leader of the Tajik Opposition, SaidAbdullonuri , on the outcome of the meeting of 23 December 1996 (Annex III);3 the protocol on the main functions and powers of Tajik`s unified opposition. National Reconciliation Commission of 23 December 1996 (Annex IV);4 the statute of the Commission for National Reconciliation, 21 February 1997 (annexV); 5 the additional protocol to the Protocol on the Essential Functions and Skills of the Commission for National Reconciliation of 21 February 1997 (annexVI);6 The Moscow Declaration, Signed in Moscow on 27 June 1997 – Protocol on Refugees of 13 January 1997 (AnnexVIII);8 Letter of 1 July 1997 from the Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the United Nations The NRC is created as a mechanism for implementing the agreements. Its mission is also to create an atmosphere of mutual trust and forgiveness and to engage in dialogue between different political forces in order to promote national reconciliation. The RNC will consist of an equal number of representatives of the Government and the Unified Opposition of Tajik (UTO) and will be led by a representative of the UTO, whose deputy is a representative of the government. It will form subcommittees on political, military, refugee and legal issues. The UN Special Representative, UNMOT and the OSCE mission will assist the NRC. The RNC will operate during the transitional period between the signing of the June 1997 general agreement and will be dissolved after the convening of the new Parliament. – the Protocol on Guarantees for implementation of the General Agreement for the Establishment of Peace and the National Agreement in Tajikistan of 28 May 1997 (AnnexX).9 First step In two months after the start of the NISA work, UTO armed units will go to collection points for registration and medical examinations. Their armament is inventoried and placed in safe storage. The units returning from Afghanistan will enter Tajikistan unarmed. They are accompanied by the CIS`s collective peacekeeping forces, overseen by UNMOT, and their base camps are dismantled.

Since then, Tajikistan has banned the Islamic Renaissance Party, which was officially registered during the peace process. In 2015, Tajikistan`s Supreme Court declared the party ”terrorist” and arrested several senior party officials for terrorism.