Which Of The Following Was Part Of The Agreement Known As The Compromise Of 1850

When the full compromise was not reached, Douglas divided the omnibus bill into various bills allowing members of Congress to either vote or abstain on all matters. The untimely death of President Zachary Taylor and the rise of intransigent Vice President Millard Fillmore to the White House contributed to the passage of any legislation. Calhoun died in 1850 and Clay and Webster two years later, making their roles in the 1850 compromise one of their last acts as statesmen. In March 1846, a skirmish broke out on the north side of the Rio Grande, which ended with the death or capture of dozens of American soldiers. [7] Shortly thereafter, the United States declared war on Mexico and began the war between Mexico and America. [8] In August 1846, Polk asked Congress for an appropriation that he wanted to use as a down payment for the purchase of California in a contract with Mexico, which sparked a debate about the status of the future territories. [9] A new Democratic congressman, David Wilmot of Pennsylvania, proposed an amendment known as Wilmot Proviso, which would ban slavery in all newly acquired countries. [10] Wilmot Proviso was defeated in the Senate, but he injected the debate on slavery into national politics. [11] In September 1847, an American army led by General Winfield Scott conquered the Mexican capital in the Battle of Mexico.

[12] A few months later, Mexican and U.S. negotiators approved the Guadalupe Hidalgo Treaty, which stated that Mexico agreed to recognize the Rio Grande as The Southern Border of Texas and to cede Alta California and New Mexico. [13] The Missouri Compromise had resolved the issue of the geographical scope of slavery within the Louisiana Purchase territories by prohibiting slavery in states north of 36-30` latitude, and Polk attempted to extend that line to the newly acquired area. [14] However, the controversial issue of slavery has blocked such laws. At the end of his term, Polk signed the Solitary Territorial Law passed by Congress, which established the Oregon Territory and prohibited slavery. [15] Polk refused re-election in the 1848 presidential election,[16] and the 1848 election was won by the Whig ticket of Zachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore. [17] The Fugitive Slave Act was essential to meet the requirements of the South. With respect to northern public opinion, the critical provision was that ordinary citizens were obliged to help slave fishermen. Many countries in the North were deeply upset by this request for personal assistance to slavery. Discontent with the law further exacerbated tensions between the North and the South, which continued to flare up with abolitionists such as Harriet Beecher Stowe.

His book Uncle Tom`s Cabin highlighted the horrors of recapturing runaway slaves and outraged Southern countries. [49] Both laws were repealed by Congress on June 28, 1864 after the start of the Civil War, the proponents of the 1850 compromise had hoped to avoid this. An Outline of American History, United States Information Agency. usa.usembassy.de/etexts/history/ch6.htm#compromise. The adoption of the 1850 compromise, as we have learned, drew cheers in Washington and elsewhere, and the crowd shouted, ”The Union is saved!” Fillmore himself called the 1850 compromise a ”definitive solution” to sectional issues, although the future of slavery in New Mexico and Utah remains uncertain. [52] The accession of new states or the organization of territories in the remaining unsegerated portion of Louisiana`s purchase could also reignite the polarizing debate on slavery. [53] [54] Not all accepted the 1850 compromise; A South Carolina newspaper wrote: ”The Rubicon has passed…